WSS-XVII Armee Korps
WSS-,,Hunyadi" 1
WSS-,,Hunyadi" 2
WSS-,,Hungaria" 1
WSS-,Hungaria" 2
WSS-,,Hungaria" 3
WSS-,,Gombos" & other Divisions
WSS-Alarm Battalion
RFSS-1st Schi Battalion
RFSS-Brigade ,,Ney"
RFSS-1st Sturmjaeger Regiment
Uniforms & Insignia
RFSS-Brigade ,,Ney"

Unit History

1939: Karoly Ney first comes to importance when he becomes a supporter of the right wing pro-German parties in the Hungarian parliament.


1942: Ney attends a training course in Berlin for 2 months with the SS.

1942: (1) Ney serves in Russia and after being wounded he returns to Hungary and assists in the formation of the “Keleti Arcvonal Bajtársi Szövetség” (KABSZ)  along with Bela Imredy the ex-prime minister of Hungary.

1942/ 1943(?) (2)On his return Ney assists in the formation of the “Keleti Arcvonal Bajtársi Szövetség” (KABSZ) (3) along with Bela Imredy the ex-prime minister of Hungary (4). The KABSZ is not a political party but a para-military organisation (5) that is to combat all communist groups and tendencies in Hungary. Ney is eventually to become chairman of the movement (6)


After March 19 1944: The KABSZ joins forces with Imrédy’s  “Hungarian Renewal Party”. The KABSZ is to become the  "storm troopers" of the new party along the same lines as the German and Italian parties.The KABSZ had its temporary headquarters at the premises of the “Hungarian Renewal Party” on Hunyadi Janos Road. The organization begins an intensive recruitment drive. 3000-4000 people attended a meeting, most of the attendee’s are former soldiers. Béla Imrédy also attends the meeting. Soon Imredy is joined by  JenÅ‘ Ratz, Jaross Andor, László Endre and László Baky who also became members of the association. Jaross funds the party with Hungarian Jewish assets which had been confiscated, while the two-Secretary of State for Home Affairs, Endre and Baky gather support from the mayor of Budapest and other similar positions for the organization's operations, as the KABSZ  gather leading people in the fight against Bolshevism.


Döme Sztójay, Béla Imrédy and András Tasnády-Nagy arrive at the
KABSZ meeting in Tattersall on June 22, 1944



KABSZ Rally 1944


(Click on link above to see the film)

KABSZ Poster


Late March 1944: Ney designs and distributes anti Allied posters in Budapest.

May 1944: Béla Imrédy becomes the leader of the. KABSZ. The leaders of the other bodies are dr. Miklos Hajdu (Department of Legal Affairs), dr. Károly Ney (Administration Department), Károly Schöner (Economics Department), Bertalan Ambrus (Propaganda Department), Pál Máté Vadon (Advocacy Department) and Imre Bolhóy (Department of applicants). Imre Bolhóy also becomes the “chief of staff” of the KABSZ military companies. The uniforms of these are black trousers, yellow shirt, black tie and an armband worn on the upper left arm with a skull and cross bones. They also wear side arms.

Summer 1944:  Ney makes contact with Otto Skorzeny with the idea of creating squads of experienced men who could be used behind enemy lines. With support from Skorzeny and financial backing by ex premier Bela Imredy, Ney makes several tours of Hungary recruiting former members of the Hungarian army who had served in Russia. The Honved did not approve of Ney’s mission due to his close work with the Germans.

August 1944: Due to its similar aims, the KABSZ and the Arrow Cross party hold talks about merging together but Szalasi objects to Imredy due to his Jewish mother. Imredy is replaced as head of the KABSZ by Ney.

September 1944 With the help of Skorzeny the “halálfejes légió” (Death’s head legion) are formed and a training camp in the Bakony mountains called “Farlesanfueher Schule” is opened. At the camp volunteers for the legions are trained by German SS officers and other instructors. Ney eventually falls out with Skorzeny.                                           

Posters Budapest October/November 1944



September 17 1944: Official merger of the KABSZ and the Arrow Cross party takes  place when about 150 to 200 men of the KABSZ come under the command of Emil Kovarczl, the Arrow Cross Party MovementHungaristaarmed forces "supreme commander".

October 6 1944: Dr. Lóránd Somóczy (8) of the KABSZ visits one of the leaders of the anti-German resistance on  Margaret Boulevard and informs him that extreme elements of the KABSZ are preparing for a take-over in two days time. In the afternoon commander of I corps - Lieutenant General  Szilárd Bakay instructs the corps prosecutor – Dr. Ákos Major that following day he is to check on the accusations of a KABSZ coup.

October 7 1944: Dr. Ákos Major leads a raid on a workshop on Zac road where members of the KABSZ are located. No opposition is met and people are arrested and taken away for questioning. As a result of the questioning a raid takes place on the KABSZ Vörösmarty street headquarters at dusk. The organisation's management escapes into the Swabian mountains however and places itself under SS protection.

October 8 1944: At the appropriate time, if the coup had gone ahead certain buildings would have had to be occupied, and the KABSZ organisation undertook an active part in the preparation of a take-over. The documents underpinning all these were stored at KABSZ headquarters and disappear on this day along with Szilárd Bakay. In the following days the majority of the members of the KABSZ (some of them having already received German call-up papers) are informing each other about the situation and reporting to the SS office in Budapest (9)

KABSZ October 1944

October 15 1944: A small unit of the members of the KABSZ (wearing SS uniforms but still wearing their death-head armbands) is involved in the German led coup. In doing so, the group led by Károly Ney is subordinated to the 22nd SS volunteer cavalry division ,,Maria Theresia” which temporarily encloses the castle

October 20 1944: An agreement is reached to permit veteran volunteers from the Comradeship to enlist into the Waffen SS via the SS-Ersatzkommando Ungarn (prior to this Szálasi had been approached but due to him wanting to use the veterans as a guard unit and the veterans wanting to fight no agreement was reached) . They are intended as replacements for 22. SS Cavalry Division ,,Maria Theresia”. The commander of the unit is Obersturmfuhrer Dr Karl Ney ( a lawyer and a Hussar reserve first lieutenant), the brigade adjutant is Obersturmfuhrer Lajos Koermendy-Wache (died 21st February 1976). (10)

October 21 1944: The unit is issued with weapons at Veszprém

October 22 1944: The unit officially becomes part of 22. SS Artillery Regiment and becomes its security guard company.

October 30 1944: SS Brigade ,,Ney” reaches battalion size

November 1 1944: The new unit is sent to Bakonyer forest for formation and training(11) by Waffen-SS instructors speaking in Hungarian (these come from 2 SS division ,,Das Reich", 3 SS division ,,Totenkopf"" and 5 SS division ,,Viking")

November 17 1944: While the unit is training in Veszprém the Hungarian political leadership dissolves the KABSZ association which results in more volunteers going to Sur

December 24 1944: The number of men increases to regiment size.(approximately 1600 men)

Order of battle

HQ Company

I Infantry Battalion


II Infantry Battalion



Supply Company






Károly Ney returns to Sur from a Officers training course in Hirschberg and finds the regiment is almost combat ready.  



On this day Russian forces surround Budapest and cuts off Brigade ,,Ney” from its parent division. Most of the supply company of 22. SS Division ,,Maria Theresia” along with the 22. SS artillery company are with Brigade ,,Ney” at Sur so avoid being surrounded.




Around this time the German army leadership have the idea of using SS Brigade ,,Ney” to go behind the front lines as a Reconnaissance and sabotage unit. Ney rejects this request, saying that preparing for the tasks would have pushed the corps's combat readiness back by months and so SS Brigade ,,Ney” does not go on the parachute course.

December 25 1944: Due to 22 SS Division ,,Maria Theresia” being cut off in Budapest the unit is assigned to IV SS Panzer Corps (12)

December 28/29 1944: According to one source one of the battalions of kampfgruppe ,,Ney” under the command of SS-Obersturmführer Gyula Dömötör is transported to Balatonakarattya from the Hajmáskér parade ground, where it is to help both the Hungarian 25. Infantry division and the German III. Panzer corps.

January 1 1945: Regimental strength is approximately 2 000 men. Two battalions from the kampfgruppe take part in Operation Konrad I & II to help relieve Budapest (13)  (this continues until January 12 1945)

January 8 1945: From 23.00 Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is assigned to 1st Panzer Division. (14)

January 11 1945: A third combat ready battalion reports for duty (15)

January 13 1945: kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is removed from the IV. SS Panzer Corps

January 18 1945: During Konrad III Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is split into 2 units. At dawn Battalions I and II are involved in the first wave of attacks in the Varpalota region along side the 1st Panzer Division (16) and III battalion (17) is assigned to the second wave in the Balatonkenese area. After heavy fighting a breakthrough is made near Retipuszta.

January 19 1945: Battalions I and II along with the rest of Kampfgruppe ,,Huppert” are involved in heavy fighting around Palmajor trying to advance to Sarszentmihaly.

January 20 1945: III Battalion numbering 400-420 men rise at 05.00 and by 07.00 after reaching their starting positions join in the attack and soon reaches Nadasladany and Szabadbattyan. By evening III Battalion along with Panzer Grenadier Regiment 1 have broken through the Russian lines at Edinapustza and crossed the Sarviz canal.Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is subordinated to the Hungarian units under the command of SS- Obersturmführer Levetzo Obersturmfuhrer Károly Ney does not take a part in the manoeuvre as a commander  

January 21 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” and Panzer Grenadier Regiment 1 takes part in the advance into Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg). At 20.00 Battalions I and II attack from the west and III Battalion attacks from the south (18)Kampfgruppe ,,Ney”takes part in heavy fighting in the Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) suburbs whilst trying to capture the town .At one point there is a danger that the SS battle group may be cut off as a force of 400-500 Russians advance approximately 500 metres on the right wing of SS Brigade ,,Ney” and comes close to Sárpentele behind them Artillery support is asked for on the radio and the German-Hungarian forces are pressed back into Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg),In the afternoon Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” becomes part of the Holste division group (19)

January 22 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” takes part in the capture of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg)  and takes part in the mopping up operations. A resident remembered “ later a Hungarian military patrol came onto the refuge (around 12.30). On their left arm was a black band with a skull on (this was the armband of the KABSZ) After the salute he was told that their aim was to go to Fehervar by the coast of Lake Velence and along the main road to the capital”.
For the fighting on January 20/21 1945 Adolf Hilter gives permission for Kampfgruppe ,,Ney" to wear the cuff title "SS Regiment Ney"

January 23 1945: 1st Panzergrenadier Regiment withdraws from Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) leaving Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” and the 20th Hungarian Infantry Division to defend the area.(20) (This lasts until March 22) The bulk of Brigade ,,Ney “ returns to Sur leaving behind one battalion.A company of Hungarian airforce men are absorbed by SS Brigade ,,Ney”

January 25 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is assigned to the 356th Infantry division recently arrived from Italy. .Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is subordinated to I battalion of the Hungarian 4. Cavalry brigade inside the Holste’s division group.

The man in the uniform is from Regiment ,,Ney"
Please note the KABSZ badge on the right breast pocket, the blank collar patches on the M43 tunic and the "deaths head" badge on the cap.


January 26 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” takes part in an attack to extend their positions but they are driven back with heavy losses by the Russians.

January 27 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” as part of Holste’s division takes part in an attack that captures hill 182 and advances to the Nagyszombati road. (21) Due to the strength of the Russian forces it is not possible to hold this position for too long and the hill exchanges hands several times between now and the end of the fighting (around February 15)

January 28 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” fight in the Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) area under the IV. SS Panzer Army corps. It is supporting the 3. SS panzer division ,,Totenkopf” and does so until February 3

January 29 1945: SS regiment ,,Ney” comes under the direct subordination of the German 356th infantry division.In the few next days the regiment, as part of the IV. SS Panzer corps's divisions (together with the parts of the 1. SS Sturmjaeger regiment) attack from Székesfehérvár in a north north-east direction against the Russian forces.

January 31 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” along with Infantry Battalion 871 and Engineer Battalion 356 with support of tanks and infantry from 3. SS Division ,,Totenkopf” repulse a Russian advance to the north of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg).

(Mirko Boverl collection)
Székesfehérvár January 1945

February 1 1945: The area defended by Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is further reinforced by troops from 3. SS Division ,,Totenkopf” and tanks from heavy tank detachment 509

February 2 1945: The Russians resume the earlier attack on the northern part of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) in the area around the brick works.SS Brigade ,,Ney” to the east of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) repulse a Soviet infantry attack.

February 3 1945: The German forces along with Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” counter attack the Russian positions driving them from the Csala area and occupying the munitions factory.What is left of the KABSZ organisation brakes with Szálasi and because of this Szálasi deprives Ney and his corps of their Hungarian citizenship.(A courier from Szálasi had arrived earlier at Ney’s command post with a written command and had handed it to Ney. The command told Ney that his unit was fighting illegally, and had to march in to the Honvéd Ministry in Koszeg because of this, if they did not they would deprive Ney’s regiment of their Hungarian citizenship. Ney denied this pointing out the German-Hungarian treaty)

February 4 1945: The Russian attack has been stopped and driven back to the original defensive lines.

February 5 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is designated as a reserve unit of IV SS Panzer Corps and is withdrawn to Sur for rest and reforming (around this time a company of Air force personnal joins the Brigade). The unit is reorganised as a cavalry/re-enforced mounted regiment and is now called SS Cavalry Brigade ,,Ney” (mostly referred to as SS Brigade ,,Ney”)(22)

The Kampfgruppe’s Order of battle at this time was: (23)

Staff Headquarters

Interpreter Platoon

Signals Platoon

Motorcycle Platoon

Field Gendarmarie Platoon

Staff Security Company

Supply Platoon (partly motorised, partly horse drawn)

I Battalion (Mounted Detachment)

II Battalion (Mounted Detachment)

III Battalion (Mounted Detachment)

February 27 1945: In recognition of SS regiment Ney’s successful action , at the IV. SS Panzer Army corps's command post members of the regiment are awarded 12 Iron cross II. Class, and three Iron cross I class. Dr. Ney Károly is promoted to SS-Sturmbannführer

March 1 1945: USAAF 15 Squadron, which is stationed in Italy with 630 airplanes, attacks near Vienna at Moosbierbaum. Whilst passing over Hungary one B-24 Liberator type four-engine bomber is shot down and crashes near Ácsteszér parish border around 14.00(five B-24 Liberators are reported lost.). Eight crewmen parachute out and land approximately 4,5 kilometres from Sur were SS Brigade ,,Ney” is stationed and are caught by soldiers of SS Brigade ,,Ney”.Later three airmen are taken to the Germans at Kisbér.

March 3 1945: The other five American airmen along with four Hungarian civilians are charged with spying.

March 4 1945: Winklemann issues a statement (tgb.nr.45(?)/45g) announcing among other things the following:

1 -  SS Brigade Ney is to become a special unit of the Reichfuhrer as the Hungarian government refuses to reconize the unit
2 -  The regiment is to be manned by volunteers only
3 - the publishing of promotional material (posters, newspaper adverts, etc) is forbidden
4 - the unit is granted permission to use the greeting 'Harc' (from the KABSZ) (Harc means fight/battle)
5 - it is promised that whatever equipment is procured for
the unit (which is fitting out in Alsóság and in Sahhegy) then it shall be provided

March 6 1945: A Kampfgruppe of about battalion strength from. Brigade ,,Ney” takes part in Operation Spring Awakening.

March 13 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” soldiers execute the airmen in Crow forest near Súr and bury their corpses at the same place. A local resident recalls "[the prisoners], were kept in the castle, and Protestant schools around Sur. The prisoners had two of their legs broken. Among them were two officers, one a lieutenant. The prisoners were interrogated and beaten for days by the gendarmes and forced to testify. Later, two prisoners and two of the officers were taken (3 airmen were actually taken) to Kisber. Six soldiers (four men and two NCO’s) took part. (...) Before the Execution of the prisoners they were stripped naked. Four prisoners were apparently Catholic because they crossed themselves and were praying. The fifth was a Jew. The prisoner turned his back on one of the executed before the eyes of the rest. The execution was carried out by 4-5 infantry with a machine gun weapon. The tomb was not marked. (24)

Hauptsturmfuhrer Miklos Bakos in US custody 1946


CIA Official paperwork showing list of names wanted in relation to war crimes against US airmen

March 14 1945: Operation Spring Awakening comes to a halt (25). The Russians begin to counter attack to the north of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) towards Mor and Tatabanya intending to cut of the 6th SS Panzer army. To counter this a kampfgruppe is assembled from IV SS Panzer Corps reserves.(26)

Mid March 1945: The brigade continues to form with the addition of a reconnaissance detachment and IV Battalion ,,Imrady” (27)  (Reconnaissance/Fusilier battalion) (28)  The unit also receives its official title from SS-FHA of 1.(ungarische) – Husaren – Brigade der SS 

March 17 1945: Order Number 529/1945 makes the KABSZ organisation cease to exist.

March 18 1945: between 18.00 and 19.00 Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” in support of troops from ,,Totenkopf” and the remnants of the 2nd Hungarian Panzer Division (29) retake the defensive lines lost earlier south-west of Bodajk. SS Brigade ,,Ney” is now combined with the survivors of 2nd Hungarian Panzer Division to form Kampfgruppe ,,Schell” under Oberst Zoltan Schell.

March 19 1945: Due to the Russian advance Kampfgruppe ,,Schell” retreats towards Aka-Sur.

March 21 1945: Due to further Russian advances Kampfgruppe ,,Schell” withdraws to a line that runs from Acsteszer-Csatka-Csatarpuszta-Szapar-Inotapuszta.

March 22 1945: During the evening Kampfgruppe ,,Schell” falls back again to the ,,Klara Positions” between Veszpremvarsany and Lokut.

March 26 1945: After 4 days of bitter fighting the Russians have reach Cselldomolk and secured a bridgehead across the Marcel Canal. SS Brigade ,,Ney” are the nearest troops and in the afternoon launch a counterattack and stop the Russian advance.

March 27 1945: The retreating III. Battalion is removed from the bulk of SS Brigade ,,Ney” in the Papa area and the battalion is assigned to the I. SS Panzer Army corps's 3. SS division ,,Totenkopf “ battle group and III Battalion remains with ,,Totenkopf” until the end of the war.

March 29 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” (now consisting of battalions I., II and IV). is in Rohonc, Gyepüfüzes and then, finally, in the Felsoor area.. The bulk of SS Brigade ,,Ney” is attached to Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer” (30)at this time, while a small section is assigned to support a Hungarian fortress battalion.

March 30 1945: Part of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is under the command of the 2nd Hungarian Armoured Division(31) to the south of Neusiedler See. The Russians reach the Reich Defence Positions (Reichschutzstellung)and SS Brigade ,,Ney” takes up new positions around Rechnitz and Oberwart. The remnants of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” withdraw towards the Austrian border. They are split between III Panzer Corps/6th Army and I SS Panzer Corps/6th Panzer Army. (32)

April 1 1945: Some portions of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” and the headquarter staff are stationed in the ,,Fortress Stelermark” area along the Duernback-Szombathely road. (33)

April 1/2 1945: I battalion as part of Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer” retakes Rechnitz taking heavy casualties.

April 4 1945: I Battalion along with the rest of Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer” retreat from Rechnitz.

April 5 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer” and I battalion become part of Kampfgruppe ,,Semmer” near Friedberg in Austria (34)2 battalions ( II and IV) from SS Brigade ,,Ney” serve with III Panzer Corps (this continues until April 8 1945)

April 9 1945: IV Battalion is serving with IV SS Panzer Corps around St Michael. Other parts of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” are attached to ,,Viking” Division and also to the 1st Volks Mountain Division.

April 21 1945: .Kampfgruppe ,,Ney”consists of IV. battalions – it has 4211 men at this time, of which 3100 men were classed as combat troops (35)The kampfgruppe has the following equipment: 2660 Mauser Kar 98k, 91 Mauser Kar 98k with telescope sights, 342 9 mm MP–40, 531 various pistols, 73 machine guns (MG–42), 17 heavy machine guns, 21 armour-piercing cannon (7,5 cm PaK 40), 34 mortars, 15 Panzershreks, 331 Panzerfaust, five flamethrowers, 1207 handled hand-grenades and 125 anti personnel mines. The kampfgruppe also as the following vehicles: seven armoured cars (Sd. Kfz. 223); 11 lorries (3,5 ton Opel Blitz) nine automobiles, 53 vehicles and 141 horses. Kampfgruppe/Brigade ,,Ney” has suffered losses so far of 770 dead and 94 men are classed as missing. The estimated numbers of Russian tanks destroyed were approximately 50.

The Kampfgruppe’s Order of battle at this time is:

Staff Headquarters

Interpreter Platoon

Signals Platoon

Motorcycle Platoon

Field Gendarmerie Platoon

Staff Security Company

Supply Platoon (partly motorised, partly horse drawn)

I Battalion (Reconnaissance/Fusilier battalion) (Hauptsturmfuhrer K.F ?)

II Battalion (Reconnaissance/Fusilier battalion) (Hauptsturmfuhrer N.I ?)

III Battalion (Reconnaissance/Fusilier battalion) (Hauptsturmfuhrer K.N ?)(36)

IV Battalion ,,Imrady” (Reconnaissance/Fusilier battalion) (Sturmbannfuhrer B.B ?)

III Battalion is serving with I SS Panzer Army fighting around Wiener Neustadt and Vienna whilst two battalions are serving with the III. Panzer army corp. With the Russian advance the command post of SS Brigade ,,Ney” moves to Birkfeld in Styr Austria


Early May 1945 (37):  2 companies from Brigade ,,Ney” fight in eastern Austria under Hauptsturmfuhrer Edui . Survivors of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” refuse to be taken over by SS Division ,,Viking” and end up joining 25. SS Division ,,Hunyadi”.

May 8 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” is officially dissolved by its commanding office Obersturmbannfuhrer Dr Karl Ney in the Weiz, Birkfeld and St. Erhardt area. All stores, equipment and documents are destroyed. Approximately 1000-1200 men join one of the German VI army columns in the retreat.

May 9 1945: The survivors of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” headquarters staff surrender to American forces along with other elements of the Hungarian SS in the Attersee area of Austria Also on this day In the Bruck area parts of Brigade ,,Ney” along with the 1. Hungarian SS ski battalion and parts of 5. ,,Wiking” SS panzer division retreating from Graz break through Russian lines to reach the American troops to surrender.

May 11 1945: Other elements of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” surrender with elements of 25. Division ,,Hunyadi” in the Attersee area of Austria.(38)

Late 1945/ early 1946:
Ney becomes Camp commander of Camp Ebensee and later at Camp Styr (both in Austria). During this time due to his choice of men to administrate the camps, food due to the general mess is siphoned off to suppliment their own rations. This action eventually turns most of the Officers and enlisted men of 25 SS division "Hunyadi" and 26 SS division "Hungaria" against Ney. Members of "Hunydai" and "Hungaria" also claim cases of looting, rape and murder by members of Brigade Ney.





1 One CIA paper states he was wounded in March 1942, other states he received a head wound from a splinter shell in 1942 and returned home.

2 There is some confusion on the dates for the formation of the KABSZ. Some paperwork states 1942 as the formation of the KABSZ and others state 1943. 

3 “The Comradeship Federation of the Eastern Front”. A CIA paper claims it was later changed to “Veres Kard” (Bloody sword).

4 Other people in the KABSZ who later served in “Brigade Ney” were Lajos Wache, Imre Zador, Pal Vadon, Karl Shoerner and Imre Bolhoy. Count Franz Karolyi is another member mentioned in the CIA papers. All reached the rank of Hauptsturmfuhrer.

5 CIA papers refer to the party as a “Waffenpartei”. These papers also state it was a police unit and not military unit and its purpose was the liquidation of Jews, defeatists, saboteurs and others in Hungary. They also refer to it as “Kampfgruppe Ney”. They also state that the KABSZ worked against Admiral Horthy and his efforts to take Hungary out of the war which climaxed in the military support they provided the Germans on October 15 1944.

6 CIA papers claim that he was given the post at the request of Hans Riemann and to get Ney support it was requested that the party did not pay Ney a salary. Ney’s salary was to be paid by Riemann. The same papers also refer to the fact that Imredy had a Jewish mother and so was not accepted by the Germans and because of this Ney was made the leader of the KABSZ.

7 CIA papers claim that despite the falling out some members of the legion were dropped behind Russian lines. In the book "The SS hunter battalions" the author states that Ney offered several hundred commandoes to the 8th SS division "Florian Geyer" and that many were reportatly dropped behind enemy lines.

8 Dr. Lóránd Somóczy is a sergeant  (officer candidate)

9 SS-Ersatzkommando Ungarn, Abt.B/I/4a, Budapest, VI. district Munkácsy Mihály utca 5-7. Telephone numbers - 425-585 & 425-566. 

10 During the war he won both classes of iron cross and the Hungarian Knights Cross with swords

11 The unit starts with approximately 300 men

12 By now the unit is known as Kampfgruppe ,,Ney”. A German archive lists the brigade as "Ungarisches SS Freiwilligen Regiment Ney"

13 I Battalion is assigned to 3. SS Division ,,Totenkopf” and II Battalion is assigned to 5. SS Division ,,Viking”

14This is part of IV SS Panzer Corps.

15 This brings the total strength to approximately 2 000 men of which 1870 men are combat personel

16 These two battalions along with 2 battalions from 1st Panzergrenadier Regiment and 3 other Honved battalions (II/24. III/24 and I/54) make up Kampfgruppe ,,Huppert”

17 This is lead by Haupsturrnfuhrer Paul Vadon

18 The Kampfgruppe has 5 officers and 166 other ranks killed and 2 officers and 47 other ranks are listed as missing. 300 are listed as wounded in the fighting. They had destroyed 17 tanks. They also recaptured 12 damaged German tanks that had been captured by the Russians. They were later repaired in Hajmasker and used by the 6th Company/ Panzer Regiment 1.

19 This consists of parts of the German 6. Panzer Division and the Hungarian 4. Cavalry brigade along with a single battalion of 20. Infantry division along with parts of the Hungarian 2. Panzer Division

20 They are supported by 403 Volksartillerie Corp

21 The kampfgruppe are awarded 2 German Gold crosses (Dr Ney and Paul Vadon) 10 iron crosses 1st class, 20 iron crosses 2nd class and various grades of the close combat claps for bravery during the fighting over the last week or so

22 In the current fighting Brigade ,,Ney” has 171 men (including five officers) killed and a further 49 people (including two officers) are missing.

23 This would be the order of battle if the Kampfgruppe was together and not split under different corps.

24  6 members of the unit were tried for the killings in Salzburg Austria in 1946 (case 5-100):Karoly Ney and Ferenc Karolyi, were sentenced to death but this was commuted to life imprisonment (at hard labour) in September 1946 (Ney claimed it was the 5th during a police interagation) after a review, Istvan Eros and Istvan Lengyel was sentenced to life imprisonment and Miklos Bakos and Istvan Csihas were executed by hanging by US military police in Salzberg. Ney only served a few months of his sentence and was released (in the same interagation Ney stated it was on 2nd April 1948 that he was given a conditional pardon}. CIA papers state that it appears that Ney was released on intervention from a high level from the USA and the Vatican. The same paper also mentions that a crucial Hungarian witness arrived in Salzberg 3 days after the trail  had ended with damaging evidence against Ney that should have resulted in the death sentence being carried out. The testimony was never presented to the court. Ney was defended by Dr. Tamas Huzella (an Hungarian refugee)

25 Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” loses 52 men killed in the fighting and 6 men are listed as missing

26 this comprises of 6 panzer grenadier battalions from ,,Totenkopf” and ,,Viking” (including I/,,Danmark” and I/,,Norge”) and the armoured reconnaissance units from both divisions, a anti tank unit and SS Brigade ,,Ney”

27 Named after the President of the Comrade Association

28 The 3 mounted detachments were soon designated fusilier battalions

29 This division had been shattered in the Russian attack on March 16 1945.

30 I battalion of Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is combined with 18. Panzer Grenadier Training and Replacement Battalion (one source says it was the 11 battalion} to form Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer” which is commanded by Sturmbannfuhrer Schweitzer of the 18th

31 This is part of 2nd Panzer Army

32 From March 16 1945 until early April the Brigade had 75 men listed as killed and 94 listed as missing

33  This battalion comes under the command of Artillery Commando 3

 34 This consists of Engineer Construction Battalion 504, the Panther tank battalion I of Panzer Regiment 24, Assault Gun Brigade 303 as well as I battalion and the rest of Kampfgruppe ,,Schweitzer”

35 These totals do not include 750 wounded men.

36 Some sources list Hauptsturmfuhrer Paul Vadon as commander of this battalion and his adjutant as Untersturmfuhrer Istvan Csihas

37 One source states that 472 men were killed and 32 were listed as missing in the fighting in April and May

38 2/3 of the officers returned to Hungary but were imprisoned by the Russians




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